According to data from a project developed by the NGO Pew Charitable Trusts and SYSTEMIQ, Ltd., until 2040 the oceans will have triple the amount of plastic waste compared to today. Or value equals 600 million metric tons. It is noteworthy that 80% of the garbage found in the sea part of the continent and that a large part is short-lived plastics. The need for change both on the part of the population and on the part of the industry is clear..
New Economy of Plastics
The New Economy of Plastics (New Plastics Economy Iniciative) is an initiative led by the Ellen MacArthur Foundation. It is present worldwide and seeks to drive a circular economy for plastics. An empresas, governments and other actors to redesign and rethink the future of plastics. Brings together three main actions: eliminate unnecessary plastic; innovate so that the necessary plastic is reused, recycled or composted; and circulate all the plastic used so that it remains in the economy and not in the environment.
Its main goals are to create a common sense of direction and unleash a wave of action and innovation to put the world on an irreversible path to a circular economy where plastics never become waste. In addition, is based on five elements that interconnect and reinforce each other.: dialogue mechanism; global commitment; pact two plastics; innovation; and outreach and stakeholder engagement.
Two Plastics Pact
O Pact two Plastics (Plastics Pact) is formed by a network of initiatives that bring together all interested parties at national or regional level and aims to implement solutions for a circular economy for plastics. Among its goals is the elimination of unnecessary plastics, the increase in reuse, collection and recycling or composting of plastic packaging, the rise of recycled materials in plastic packaging, among others.
The network connects initiatives and organizations around the world, providing a great exchange of learning. In Latin America, Chile is the first country, and so far the only, to adhere to the proposal. But, several companies in Chilean territory have already joined the pact.
The foundation, together with other institutions, drafted a report outlining the opportunity for a new UN global treaty (United Nations Organization) about plastic pollution. It is important to emphasize that voluntary initiatives generate changes. However, a global agreement that sets global goals and binding targets is needed so that efforts are scaled up and there is change on a larger scale..
The current scenario only further proves the need for new global agreements. Even with popular pressure, it is still necessary that the great powers embrace new ideas and pressure companies to also adhere to new initiatives. If the situation is not reversed, it is estimated that em 2050 there will be more plastic than fish in the oceans, which does not leave a good perspective for future generations. It is known that the oceans and all their biodiversity are fundamental to our survival, it's time for change.